Conserving pattern and process in the Southern Ocean: designing a marine protected area for the Prince Edward Islands

Lombard, A.T. and Reyers, B. and Schonegevel, L.Y. and Cooper, J. and Smith-Adao, L.B. and Nel, D.C. and Froneman, P.W. and Ansorge, I.J. and Bester, M.N. and Tosh, C.A. and Strauss, T. and Akkers, T. and Gon, Ofer and Leslie, R.W. and Chown, S.L. (2007) Conserving pattern and process in the Southern Ocean: designing a marine protected area for the Prince Edward Islands. Antarctic Science, 19 (1). pp. 39-54. ISSN 0954-1020



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South Africa is currently proclaiming a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of its sub-Antarctic Prince Edward Islands. The objectives of the MPA are to: 1) contribute to a national and global representative system of MPAs, 2) serve as a scientific reference point to inform future management, 3) contribute to the recovery of the Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides), and 4) reduce the bird bycatch of the toothfish fishery, particularly of albatrosses and petrels. This study employs systematic conservation planning methods to delineate a MPA within the EEZ that will conserve biodiversity patterns and processes within sensible management boundaries, while minimizing conflict with the legal toothfish fishery. After collating all available distributional data on species, benthic habitats and ecosystem processes, we used C-Plan software to delineate a MPA with three management zones: four IUCN Category Ia reserves (13% of EEZ); two Conservation Zones (21% of EEZ); and three Category IV reserves (remainder of EEZ). Compromises between conservation target achievement and the area required by the MPA are apparent in the final reserve design. The proposed MPA boundaries are expected to change over time as new data become available and as impacts of climate change become more evident.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:marine reserve design; pattern and process; sub-Antarctic; systematic conservation planning; marine park; Indian Ocean; Indian Ocean islands; Prince Edward Island; Prince Edward Islands; Southern Africa; Southern Ocean; Dissostichus eleginoides; biodiversity; conservation planning; fishery management; marine park; national planning; nature reserve; species conservation; subantarctic region; Aves; Diomedeidae; Dissostichus eleginoides; Procellariidae
Subjects:Y Unknown > Subjects to be assigned
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Zoology & Entomology
Research Institutes and Units > South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB)
Research Institutes and Units > Southern Ocean Group
ID Code:1029
Deposited On:28 Jul 2008
Last Modified:01 Aug 2012 08:19
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