In situ feeding rates of the copepods, Pseudodiaptomus hessei and Acartia longipatella, in a temperate, temporarily open/closed Eastern Cape estuary

Froneman, P.W. (2004) In situ feeding rates of the copepods, Pseudodiaptomus hessei and Acartia longipatella, in a temperate, temporarily open/closed Eastern Cape estuary. South African Journal of Science, 100 (11 & 12). pp. 577-583. ISSN 0038-2353

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Abstract

Size-fractionated chlorophyll-a (chl-a) concentrations and the in situ grazing rates of the copepods, Pseudodiaptomus hessei and Acartia longipatella, were assessed seasonally at the temporarily open/closed Kasouga estuary situated along the southeast coast of southern Africa. Total integrated chl-a concentration ranged between 1.17 and 12.18 mg chl-a m^(–3) and was always dominated by small phytoplankton cells (<20 μm), which comprised up to 86% (range 64–86%) of the total pigment. Total zooplankton abundance ranged between 2676 and 62 043 individuals m^(–3). These copepods numerically dominated the zooplankton counts, accounting for between 79% and 91% of the total. Gut pigment concentrations of the two species at night were significantly higher than the daytime values (P<0.05 in all cases). The observed pattern could be related to the marked diurnal vertical migration patterns exhibited by the copepods. Gut evacuation rates of P. hessei during the study ranged between 0.29 and 0.77 h^(–1) and between 0.39 and 0.58 h^(–1) for A. longipatella. The rate of gut pigment destruction for P. hessei and A. longipatella ranged between 55% and 81% and between 88% and 92% of the total chl-a ingested, respectively. The combined grazing impact of the two copepods ranged between 0.65 and 4.37 mg chl-a m^(–3), or between 4.3% and 35.9% of the available chl-a in the water column. Variations in the grazing activity of the two species could be attributed largely to seasonality in water temperature and shifts in the phytoplankton community structure and zooplankton abundance.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Rhodes Centenary issue
Uncontrolled Keywords:copepods, Pseudodiaptomus hessei, Acartia longipatella, phytoplankton, zooplankton, Kasouga estuary
Subjects:Y Unknown > Subjects to be assigned
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Zoology & Entomology
ID Code:113
Deposited By: Rhodes Library Archive Administrator
Deposited On:08 Aug 2005
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:17
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