Nyoni, D. (2008) Application of the Baylis-Hillman methodology in the construction of novel heterocyclic derivatives. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.
Baylis-Hillman reactions of 2,2’-dithiodibenzaldehyde with the acyclic alkenes, methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) and methyl acrylate have afforded the thiochromene derivatives in moderate yields, and this approach has been extended to the use of the cyclic alkenes, 2-cyclohexenone and 2-cyclopentenone to afford the tricyclic analogues. In all cases, reduction of the disulphide link and intramolecular cyclisation occurred in situ, and a preliminary kinetic study of this reaction using the acyclic substrates MVK and methyl acrylate was undertaken with the aim of elucidating the mechanism involved. The results obtained showed that the consumption of both 2,2’-dithiodibenzaldehyde and MVK and/or methyl acrylate followed 1st-order kinetics during the initial stages of the reaction, but then deviated from 1st-order linearity. The reaction with methyl acrylate was much slower than with MVK, and the kinetic data indicates the mechanism to be more complex than anticipated. Conjugate addition reactions of methyl acrylate-derived 2-nitrobenzaldehyde Baylis-Hillman adducts with the amines, piperidine and benzylamine, afforded a range of conjugate addition products as diastereomeric mixtures in excellent yield (80-100%). Catalytic hydrogenation of the conjugate addition products using a Pd-C catalyst in ethanol, has afforded the corresponding, novel 3-amino-2-quinolone derivatives in lower yield (22-37%).The application of [superscript 13]C NMR prediction programmes to selected compounds synthesized in this study has revealed reasonable correlations between the experimental and predicted values.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Masters)|
|Additional Information:||M.Sc. (Chemistry)|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||MVK, Baylis-Hillman, 2-quinolone, thiochromenes|
|Subjects:||Y Unknown > Subjects to be assigned|
|Divisions:||Faculty > Faculty of Science > Chemistry|
|Supervisors:||Kaye, P.T. (Prof.)|
|Deposited By:||Nicolene Mvinjelwa|
|Deposited On:||21 Oct 2008|
|Last Modified:||06 Jan 2012 16:19|
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