Larval development of the carrion-breeding flesh fly, Sarcophaga (Liosarcophaga) tibialis Macquart (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), at constant temperatures

Villet, M.H. and MacKenzie, B. and Muller, W.J. (2006) Larval development of the carrion-breeding flesh fly, Sarcophaga (Liosarcophaga) tibialis Macquart (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), at constant temperatures. African Entomology, 14 (2). pp. 357-366. ISSN 1021-3589

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Abstract

Larvae of Sarcophaga (Liosarcophaga) tibialis Macquart were raised on chicken liver under six different constant temperatures. Maximum survival indicated an optimal developmental temperature of near 20°C, while trends in mortality, larval length and larval mass implied that the thermal window for successful development lay between 15°C and 30°C. Using a recently described method to estimate a simple thermal summation model, it was found that the timing of the end of the feeding phase could be estimated by a developmental zero (D0) of 5.2°C (S.E. = 1.21) and a thermal summation constant (K) of 106.4 d°C (S.E. = 8.31) and of the end of the wandering phase by D0 = 4.1°C (S.E. = 0.39) and K = 126.7 d°C (S.E. = 3.28). Published development times at constant temperatures were compiled for 19 other species of flesh flies, and the developmental constants were calculated for six species for which sufficient data were accumulated.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Sarcophaga (Liosarcophaga) tibialis; larval developmental rate; thermal summation; model; forensic entomology; public health; Diptera; Sarcophaga tibialis; Sarcophagidae
Subjects:Y Unknown > Subjects to be assigned
Divisions:Research Institutes and Units > Institute for Water Research (IWR)
Faculty > Faculty of Science > Zoology & Entomology
ID Code:1276
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:19 Dec 2008
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:20
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