Disturbances of attitudes and behaviours related to eating in black and white females at high school and university in South Africa

Edwards, D.J.A. and d'Agrela, A. and Geach, M. and Welman, M. (2003) Disturbances of attitudes and behaviours related to eating in black and white females at high school and university in South Africa. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 13 (1). pp. 16-33. ISSN 1433-0237

[img]
Preview
Text
Disturbances.pdf

675Kb

Abstract

This paper reports two studies, which contribute to the increasing evidence that the attitudes and behaviours associated with eating disorders, are encountered among bothlack and white females in South Africa. In Study One, the Eating Disorders InventoryEDI) was administered to black (n=39) and white (n=41) female students in Natal. There were no significant differences between black and white on the sub-scales which measure disturbed eating behaviour directly (Drive for Thinness, Bulimia, Body Dissatisfaction). However black respondents scrored higher on Perfectionism, Interpersonal Distrust and Maturity Fears, variables believed to predispose individuals to eating disorders. In Study Two, the Bulimia Test (BULIT) was administered to black and white females at three educational levels. There was no significant effect of Ethnicity, but there was a significant effect of Age: Standard 6 respondents had significantly higher scores than University students. In both studies, Body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher among blacks than whites. In Study One there was no significant correlation between BMI and Drive for Thinness in either blacks or whites. However in Study Two, the correlation between BMI and BULIT full scale was significant in the case of both blacks (r = 0,39; p <,01) and whites (r = 0,38; p<,05). These findings are consistent with those of other recent studies, which find disturbances in eating-related attitudes and behaviour in all ethnic groups in South Africa.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:eating disorders; cultural factors; body dissatisfaction; bulimia
Subjects:Y Unknown > Subjects to be assigned
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Humanities > Psychology
ID Code:1486
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:16 Sep 2009
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:20
107 full-text download(s) since 16 Sep 2009
27 full-text download(s) in the past 12 months
More statistics...

Repository Staff Only: item control page