The development of a practical diet for juvenile dusky kob, Argyrosomus japonicus, for the South African mariculture industry

Woolley, L. (2009) The development of a practical diet for juvenile dusky kob, Argyrosomus japonicus, for the South African mariculture industry. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

The lack of locally manufactured marine finfish diets motivated the current project, which aimed to develop a practical diet specifically formulated for dusky kob. The first growth trial investigated the effect of pellet texture (i.e. hard versus soft pellets) and the inclusion of an additional binder, test treatments were compared to two reference diets. There was no significant difference in weight gain between fish fed the hard or soft pellets (p=0.17), over nine weeks. The fish fed the local trout feed weighed significantly less than those fed the test diets (p=0.003). There was no significant difference in leaching rate amongst treatments (p=0.45). A hard pelleted diet without gelatin is recommended in the commercial culture of dusky kob. Pellets with different physical shapes were tested to determine the effect of shape on settling speeds. A square shaped pellet had a slower sinking rate compared to a round shaped pellet (p<0.0001). Juvenile dusky kob, held in cages, fed the square pellets grew significantly faster than the fish fed the round pellet, with a mean weight gain of 16.81 ± 0.45 g (p=0.018). A growth trial was used to optimize the protein to energy (PE) ratio by adjusting dietary protein and lipid levels. Fish fed the diets with high levels of protein (46 % protein) achieved the better growth rates (125 % weight gain) compared to the lower protein diets (92 % weight gain) (p<0.0001). There was no significant difference in total ammonia production (TAN) level for the 46 and 42 % protein diets (p=0.68). The overall performance of the prototype diet was investigated in a closed recirculating system. Growth and FCR of the fish fed the prototype diet was on a par to those fed the commercially available diet currently used in the local farming industry. There was no significant difference in the blood chemistry for fish held at increased stocking densities. The prototype diet is suitable for use in recirculating systems, as there were no negative effects on water quality parameters. This study has laid a foundation for the manufacture of a practical commercial dusky kob diet in South Africa.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dusky kob; nutrition; mariculture; Argyrosomus
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Ichthyology & Fisheries Science
Supervisors:Britz, P. (Prof.) and Jones, C. (Dr)
ID Code:1568
Deposited By: Nicolene Mvinjelwa
Deposited On:05 Mar 2010 07:47
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:20
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