An institutional analysis of community and home based care and support for HIV/AIDS sufferers in rural households in Malawi

Munthali, S. M. (2009) An institutional analysis of community and home based care and support for HIV/AIDS sufferers in rural households in Malawi. PhD thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

Standard economic models often emphasize inputs, outputs and an examination of the structures in order to conduct an economic performance evaluation. This study applies the Institutional and Development Framework (IAD) in the broader context of New Institutional Economics (NIE) in order to examine the transaction costs of delivering Community and Home Based Care and Support (CHBC) to HIV/AIDS sufferers. For purposes of unveiling the empirical reality guiding decision making processes in the CHBC service delivery, comparative qualitative research techniques of normative variable and concept formation have been adopted to draw out the relative institutional influences from the HIV/AIDS national response partnerships. The study identifies the conflict between the predominantly standardized and more rigid formal management techniques adopted by key members of the national response and the informal cultural techniques familiar to the rural communities, and a lack of motivational incentives in the CHBC structures as the key factors against CHBC capacities to draw external funding for service delivery. CHBCs are also weakened by incoherent governance structures at the district level for facilitation of funding and information flow exacerbating the community vulnerability. Rationalization of the institutional arrangements and a clarification of roles from district to community levels, a shift of focus to facilitation of informal techniques and an integration of performance enhancing incentives are the critical policy insights envisaged to spur CHBCs to work better.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Institutional analysis; new institutional economics; Community and Home Based Care (CHBC); HIV/AIDS; Malawi
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Commerce > Economics and Economic History
Supervisors:Webb, A. (Prof.) and Kelly, K. (Dr.)
ID Code:1590
Deposited By: Nicolene Mvinjelwa
Deposited On:05 Feb 2010 13:15
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:20
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