Development of a neural network based model for predicting the occurrence of spread F within the Brazilian sector

Paradza, M. W. (2009) Development of a neural network based model for predicting the occurrence of spread F within the Brazilian sector. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

Spread F is a phenomenon of the ionosphere in which the pulses returned from the ionosphere are of a much greater duration than the transmitted ones. The occurrence of spread F can be predicted using the technique of Neural Networks (NNs). This thesis presents the development and evaluation of NN based models (two single station models and a regional model) for predicting the occurrence of spread F over selected stations within the Brazilian sector. The input space for the NNs included the day number (seasonal variation), hour (diurnal variation), sunspot number (measure of the solar activity), magnetic index (measure of the magnetic activity) and magnetic position (latitude, magnetic declination and inclination). Twelve years of spread F data measured during 1978 to 1989 inclusively at the equatorial site Fortaleza and low latitude site Cachoeira Paulista are used in the development of an input space and NN architecture for the NN models. Spread F data that is believed to be related to plasma bubble developments (range spread F) were used in the development of the models while those associated with narrow spectrum irregularities that occur near the F layer (frequency spread F) were excluded. The results of the models show the dependency of the probability of spread F as a function of local time, season and latitude. The models also illustrate some characteristics of spread F such as the onset and peak occurrence of spread F as a function of distance from the equator. Results from these models are presented in this thesis and compared to measured data and to modelled data obtained with an empirical model developed for the same purpose.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Spread F; neural networks; ionosphere
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Physics & Electronics
Supervisors:McKinnell, L. (Dr.) and Cilliers, P. (Dr.)
ID Code:1621
Deposited By: Nicolene Mvinjelwa
Deposited On:26 Apr 2010 13:59
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:21
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