Coping with xenophobia : Senegalese migrants in Port Elizabeth

Barbali, S. C. (2009) Coping with xenophobia : Senegalese migrants in Port Elizabeth. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

This thesis seeks to investigate Senegalese migrants' experiences of xenophobia in South Africa. It explores prevailing theories used to explain the phenomenon of xenophobia and uses data collected via anthropological fieldwork to support arguments made. It is argued that a culture of migration in Senegal and the significance of migration as a rite of passage in Senegalese masculinity assists migrants to orientate themselves in host countries, and influences the way Senegalese are „received‟ by South Africans. In addition, Senegalese Islam (Sufi Orientation), which organises its members into brotherhoods, assists in the social integration of Senegalese men in Port Elizabeth. The men belong to the Mouride Brotherhood and the thesis shows how membership to the brotherhood provides a strong network of support for migrant men without resulting in the enclaving of the men in the broader social and economic context of Port Elizabeth. This has important implications for the individual and collective migration experience of Senegalese and influences the men's creation of meaning in their experiences as migrants. The thesis makes use of the concept of transnationalism to analyse the complex and multifaceted nature of transnational migration, arguing that migration experiences are influenced by a range of transnational factors and is deeply culturally influenced. The research suggests that migration experts and government departments in South Africa should take these complexities into account when formulating new programmes and policies for migrants.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Senegal; xenophobia; Sufi Islam; transnationalism; diaspora; migration
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Humanities > Anthropology
Supervisors:Boswell, R. (Dr)
ID Code:1627
Deposited By: Nicolene Mvinjelwa
Deposited On:28 Apr 2010 09:12
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:21
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