TB treatment initiation and adherence in a South African community influenced more by perceptions than by knowledge of tuberculosis

Cramm, J.M. and Finkenflügel, H.J.M. and Møller, V. and Nieboer, A.P. (2010) TB treatment initiation and adherence in a South African community influenced more by perceptions than by knowledge of tuberculosis. BMC Public Health , 10 . pp. 1-8. ISSN 1471-2458

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Official URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/10/72

Abstract

Background Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health concern. Inadequate case finding and case holding has been cited as major barrier to the control of TB. The TB literature is written almost entirely from a biomedical perspective, while recent studies show that it is imperative to understand lay perception to determine why people seek treatment and may stop taking treatment. The Eastern Cape is known as a province with high TB incidence, prevalence and with one of the worst cure rates of South Africa. Its inhabitants can be considered lay experts when it comes to TB. Therefore, we investigated knowledge, perceptions of (access to) TB treatment and adherence to treatment among an Eastern Cape population. Methods An area-stratified sampling design was applied. A total of 1020 households were selected randomly in proportion to the total number of households in each neighbourhood. Results TB knowledge can be considered fairly good among this community. Respondents' perceptions suggest that stigma may influence TB patients' decision in health seeking behavior and adherence to TB treatment. A full 95% of those interviewed believe people with TB tend to hide their TB status out of fear of what others may say. Regression analyses revealed that in this population young and old, men and women and the lower and higher educated share the same attitudes and perceptions. Our findings are therefore likely to reflect the actual situation of TB patients in this population. Conclusions The lay experts' perceptions suggests that stigma appears to effect case holding and case finding. Future interventions should be directed at improving attitudes and perceptions to potentially reduce stigma. This requires a patient-centered approach to empower TB patients and active involvement in the development and implementation of stigma reduction programs.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/10/72
Uncontrolled Keywords:TUBERCULOSIS; MYCOBACTERIAL diseases; SOCIAL groups; REGRESSION analysis; LUNG Diseases; DOTS programme; Health seeking behaviour; TB awareness; TB treatment; Grahamstown; Rhini; Eastern Cape; South Africa
Subjects:H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions:Research Institutes and Units > Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER)
ID Code:1648
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:23 Mar 2010 07:52
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:20
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