Quantity and significance of wild meat off-take by a rural community in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Kaschula, S. A. H. and Shackleton, C.M. (2009) Quantity and significance of wild meat off-take by a rural community in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Environmental Conservation, 36 (3). pp. 192-200. ISSN 0376-8929

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0376892909990282

Abstract

When compared to tropical forest zones in west and central Africa, off-take of wild meat from savannah and grassland biomes by local rural communities has not been well assessed. This case study of wild meat collection activities within a rural community in the Mount Frere region of the Eastern Cape (South Africa) uses last-catch records derived from 50 wild meat gatherers to calculate average off-take of taxa, species and fresh mass of wild meat per collection event. When per-event off take is overlaid onto household hunting frequency data, annual off-take would be 268.6 kg km−2 yr−1 or 3 kg person−1 yr−1 presuming constant off-take over an annual period. Monetary value of off-take would be South African R 307 (US$ 39) per household annually. For some species, off-take weight per km2 shows similar values to data from tropical forest zones, but high human population densities tend to dilute off-takes to less nutritionally significant amounts at the per person scale. However, unlike many tropical zones, none of the species harvested can be considered high-priority conservation species. Even densely populated and heavily harvested communal lands appear to offer high wild meat off-takes from low conservation priority species.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Currently restricted, the full-text will be accessible in September 2010
Uncontrolled Keywords:bushmeat; wild meat; food security; grassland; hunting; rural livelihoods; savannah; Eastern Cape; South Africa
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Environmental Science
ID Code:1670
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:07 May 2010 08:30
Last Modified:01 Aug 2012 09:41
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