Connectivity between marine reserves and exploited areas in the philopatric reef fish Chrysoblephus laticeps (Teleostei: Sparidae)

Teske, P.R. and Forget, F.R.G. and Cowley, P.D. and von der Heyden, S. and Beheregaray, L.B. (2010) Connectivity between marine reserves and exploited areas in the philopatric reef fish Chrysoblephus laticeps (Teleostei: Sparidae). Marine Biology, 157 (9). pp. 2029-2042. ISSN 0025-3162

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Abstract

"No-take‟ Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are successful in protecting populations of many exploited fish species, but it is often unclear whether networks of MPAs are adequately spaced to ensure connectivity among reserves, and whether spillover occurs into adjacent exploited areas. Such issues are particularly important in species with low dispersal potential, many of which exist as genetically distinct regional stocks.The roman, Chrysoblephus laticeps, is an overexploited, commercially important fishery species endemic to South Africa. Post-recruits display resident behavior and occupy small home ranges, making C. laticeps a suitable model species to investigate connectivity in marine teleosts with potentially low dispersal ability. We used multilocus data from two types of highly variable genetic markers (mitochondrial DNA control region and microsatellites) to clarify patterns of genetic connectivity and population structure in C. laticeps using samples from two MPAs and several moderately or severely exploited regions. Despite using analytical tools that are sensitive to detect even subtle genetic structure, we found that this species exists as a single, well-mixed stock throughout its core distribution. This finding lends supports to the status of MPAs as an adequate tool for managing overexploited marine teleosts. Even though adult dispersal out of MPAs is limited, the fact that the large adults in these reserves produce exponentially more offspring than their smaller counterparts in exploited areas makes MPAs a rich source of recruits. We nonetheless caution against concluding that the lack of structure identified in C. laticeps and several other southern African teleosts can be considered to be representative of marine teleosts in this region in general. Many such species are represented in more than one marine biogeographic province and may be comprised of regionally-adapted stocks that need to be managed individually.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:temperate reef fish, Marine Protected Area (MPA), fisheries management, stock structure, phylogeography, conservation genetics, mtDNA control region, microsatellites
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology > Chordates. Vertebrates > Fishes
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Botany
Faculty > Faculty of Science > Ichthyology & Fisheries Science
Faculty > Faculty of Science > Zoology & Entomology
Research Institutes and Units > South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB)
ID Code:1722
Deposited By: Mrs Eileen Shepherd
Deposited On:05 Jan 2012 14:20
Last Modified:01 Aug 2012 07:55
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