Surface properties and electrocatalytic applications of metallophthalocyanines confined on electrode surfaces.

Akinbulu, Isaac Adebayo (2010) Surface properties and electrocatalytic applications of metallophthalocyanines confined on electrode surfaces. PhD thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

New cobalt (13, 16 19 and 22), manganese (14, 17, 20 and 23) and iron (15, 18, 21 and 24)phthalocyanine complexes were synthesized and characterized. The UV-Vis spectral properties of the complexes were typical of the nature of central metal and position of substituent on the Pc ligand. Their electrochemical behaviors were signatures of the central metals, with varying influences of the nature and position of substituents. Nanocomposite of complex 18 and single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) (SWCNT-18)was fabricated. Formation of this nano-composite was confirmed by infrared (IR)spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of SWCNT-18, complexes 13-15, and 20 were electropolymerized on glassy carbon electrodes (GCE). Complex 14 was also electrodeposited on GCE. Surface properties of the SAMs were consistent with the molecular feature of the substituent and the nature of central metal in the adsorbed species, while those of the MnPc modified GCEs were dependent on point of substitution and number of substituent. The SAM-modified gold electrodes were used for the electrocatalytic oxidation of the carbamate insecticide, carbofuran. Amplification of the current signal of the insecticide, at more energetically feasible oxidation potentials, on the SAM-modified gold electrodes, relative to bare gold electrode,justified electrocatalysis. There was enhanced sensitivity (attributed to the presence of SWCNT) of the SWCNT-18-SAM-modified gold electrode towards carbofuran, relative to the signals observed on the other SAMs. Current response of the insecticide,bendiocarb, was also intensified, at more favorable oxidation potentials, on the MnPc (14 and 17) modified GCEs, relative to the response on bare GCE, substantiating electrocatalysis. Also, catalysis of the oxidation of the herbicide, bentazon, was observed on polymeric film of complex 20. The current response of the herbicide on this film was better than that observed on bare GCE. Electrocatalysis of the analytes, on the respective modified electrodes, occurred via closely related mechanisms.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Phthalocyanines, Electrochemistry, Electrocatalysis, Pesticides
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Chemistry
ID Code:2094
Deposited By: Madireng Monyela
Deposited On:12 Oct 2011 07:09
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:22
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