Has deregulation of non-timber forest product controls and marketing in Orissa state (India) affected local patterns of use and marketing

Mahapatra, A.K. and Shackleton, C.M. (2011) Has deregulation of non-timber forest product controls and marketing in Orissa state (India) affected local patterns of use and marketing. Forest Policy and Economics, 13 (8). pp. 622-629. ISSN 1389-9341

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State control of marketing agricultural or forestry products may lead to a trade monopoly and restricted competition, resulting in inequitable returns to producers. Consequently, market deregulation for agriculture and other natural products has been advocated to improve market efficiencies, participation and returns for the producers and local traders. The study examines the impact of deregulation of state marketing controls on collection, sale and returns to extractors and traders from non-timber forest products. It assessed whether deregulation policy resulted in greater benefits to primary extractors and a win–win situation for both producers and traders? Mixed effects were found, with no significant changes in terms of trade, demand, or quantum of consumption; but there was an overall increase in the procurement price for several products following deregulation. The collection and farm gate price of tree based oilseeds and honey increased due to lower transaction costs, and ease of trading with a continued demand for these products. The impact on less valuable products was insignificant. Abolition of monopolistic trading increased competition and had a pull effect on the local market prices of several NTFPs. Although traders paid a higher price to procure products, overall they also benefited being able to sell the purchased products to merchants and manufacturers at a better margin than previously.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Deregulation; Forest governance; Livelihood; Non-timber forest products; NTFP markets; Traders; India; Orissa State; forest dependent communities; policy; deregulation
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Environmental Science
ID Code:2417
Deposited By: Prof Charlie Shackleton
Deposited On:29 Mar 2012 11:46
Last Modified:29 Mar 2012 11:46
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