Abundance and commercialization of Phoenix Reclinata in the King Williamstown area, South Africa.

Gyan, C.A. and Shackleton, C.M. (2005) Abundance and commercialization of Phoenix Reclinata in the King Williamstown area, South Africa. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 17 (3). pp. 334-345. ISSN 0128-1283

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Abstract

In the Eastern Cape of South Africa the fronds of the wild palm Phoenix reclinata are harvested by rural women and manufactured into hand brushes, which are sold in urban centres. This paper reports on the abundance of P. reclinata palms, the profile of the harvesters, and the economic returns from trading in palm brushes as a case study of locally driven non-timber forest product commercialization. The palm resource was in a reasonable state with most clumps being lightly (36%) or moderately (43%) harvested, with many others uncut due to physical or culturally defined refugia. Tall trees within a clump were uncut because the fronds were too high. The estimated production of fronds was less than 25 per cent of the local demand. Consequently, harvesters were seeking alternative areas and species. Mean gross monthly income was R475 (USD45) which was an important cash contribution. Net income was 75 per cent of this. Income earned per seller was influenced by factors such as age, education, hours in the trade, and whether any household member received an old-age pension from the State. Older and less educated sellers had been trading longer than younger or more educated vendors.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Permission to deposit this article given by the editor.
Uncontrolled Keywords:brushes; brooms; constraints; harvesting intensity; South Africa; Eastern Cape; women; income; Phoenix reclinata; P.reclinata; palms
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography > Rural settlements. Rural geography
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Environmental Science
ID Code:2538
Deposited By: Mrs Eileen Shepherd
Deposited On:29 Mar 2012 12:42
Last Modified:29 Mar 2012 14:44
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