Molecular analysis of genetic diversity in dometicated pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) and wild relatives

Kassa, Mulualem Tamiru (2011) Molecular analysis of genetic diversity in dometicated pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) and wild relatives. PhD thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (Pigeonpea) belongs to the Leguminosae genus Cajanus which is composed of 34 species. Pigeonpea is the only cultivated member of the genus, while the remaining species are wild relatives belonging mainly to the secondary gene pool. DNA sequence data from the nuclear ITS region and the chloroplast trnL-F spacer were utilized to investigate the phylogenetic relationships between Cajanus and five other allied genera in the subtribe Cajaninae. This study revealed the non-monophyly of Cajanus and Rhynchosia and supported the monophyly of Eriosema and Flemingia, but more sampling ,especially from the large genera of Rhynchosia and Eriosema, is recommend to adequately test the hypothesis of generic monophyly. The phylogenetic relationships within the genus Cajanus resolved Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars as the most basal species in the Cajanus clade. The study also utilized Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) markers derived from low copy orthologous genes and genotyped using the high throughput SNP-OPA Illumina golden gate assay. The aim was to understand phylogenetic and domestication history, genetic structure, patterns of genetic diversity, gene flow and historical hybridization between Cajanus cajan (pigeonpea) and wild relatives. The neighbor-joining tree resolved well-supported clusters, which reflect the distinctiveness of species and congruence with their geographical origin. It supported the ITS based phylogeny and resolved C. scarabaeoides as basal to the Cajanus clade. The phylogenetic signal and genetic signatures revealed insights into the domestication history of pigeonpea. Our results supported Cajanus cajanifolius as the presumed progenitor of pigeonpea and we speculate that for pigeonpea there was a single major domestication event in India. Genetic admixture and historical hybridization were evident between pigeonpea and wild relatives. Abundant allelic variation and genetic diversity was found in the wild relatives, with the exception of wild species from Australia, as compared to the domesticated pigeonpea. There was a reduction of about 75% in genetic polymorphism in domesticated pigeonpea as compared to the wild relatives, indicating a severe “domestication bottleneck” during pigeonpea domestication. We discovered SNP markers associated with disease resistance (NBS-LRR) loci. The SNPs were mined in a comparison of BAC-end sequences (BES) of C. cajan and amplicons of the wild species, C. scarabaeoides. A total of ~3000 SNPs were identified from 304 BES. These SNPs could potentially be used in constructing a genetic map and for marker assisted breeding.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pigeon pea, Cajanus, Plant hybridization, Biodiversity, Transgenic
Subjects:Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Botany
ID Code:2562
Deposited By: Mrs Carol Perold
Deposited On:03 Apr 2012 14:03
Last Modified:03 Apr 2012 14:03
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