Is inflation targeting a viable option for a developing country? : the case of Malawi

Hompashe, Dumisani MacDonald (2009) Is inflation targeting a viable option for a developing country? : the case of Malawi. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

The distinctive features of inflation targeting include the publishing of the formal (official) target band or point target for the rate of inflation at one or more time horizons and the explicit confirmation that low and steady inflation is the long-run objective of monetary policy. There are four main preconditions of inflation targeting: 1) an independent central bank that is free from fiscal and political pressures; 2) a central bank that has both the ability to forecast inflation and the capability to model inflation data; 3) the presence of fully deregulated prices and an economy that is affected by changes of commodity prices, as well as exchange rates; and 4) the presence of sound banking system and well developed capital markets. In most developing countries, the use of seigniorage revenues as a source of financing government debts, the lack of commitment by monetary authorities to low inflation as a primary goal, the absence of the central bank’s functional independence, and of powerful models to make domestic inflation forecasts, prevent the satisfaction of these preconditions. This dissertation investigates the extent to which Malawi meets the preconditions for inflation targeting by comparing the situation in that country to other developing countries, which have already adopted the framework. Malawi is committed to the central bank’s functional independence as well as the pursuit of prudent fiscal policy measures for the attainment of low inflation. Despite the failure to meet all the preconditions, this study recommends that Malawi should adopt an inflation targeting framework due to the strength of commitment of the monetary authorities in satisfying these preconditions.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Malawi, Banks, Monetary policy, Finance, Inflation, External debt
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Commerce > Economics and Economic History
ID Code:2624
Deposited By: Mrs Carol Perold
Deposited On:17 Apr 2012 09:14
Last Modified:17 Apr 2012 09:14
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