Verification of Ionospheric tomography using MIDAS over Grahamstown, South Africa

Katamzi, Zama Thobeka (2008) Verification of Ionospheric tomography using MIDAS over Grahamstown, South Africa. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

[img]
Preview
Text
KATAMZI-MSC-TR08-55.pdf

1073Kb

Abstract

Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites and receivers are used to derive total electron content (TEC) from the time delay and phase advance of the radio waves as they travels through the ionosphere. TEC is defined as the integral of the electron density along the satellite-receiver signal path. Electron density profiles can be determined from these TEC values using ionospheric tomographic inversion techniques such as Multi-Instrument Data Analysis System (MIDAS). This thesis reports on a study aimed at evaluating the suitability of ionospheric tomography as a tool to derive one-dimensional electron density profiles, using the MIDAS inversion algorithm over Grahamstown, South Africa (33.30� S, 26.50� E). The evaluation was done by using ionosonde data from the Louisvale (28.50� S, 21.20� E) and Madimbo (22.40� S, 30.90� E) stations to create empirical orthonormal functions (EOFs). These EOFs were used by MIDAS in the inversion process to describe the vertical variation of the electron density. Profiles derived from the MIDAS algorithm were compared with profiles obtained from the international Reference Ionosphere (IRI) 2001 model and with ionosonde profiles from the Grahamstown ionosonde station. The optimised MIDAS profiles show a good agreement with the Grahamstown ionosonde profiles. The South African Bottomside Ionospheric Model (SABIM) was used to set the limits within which MIDAS was producing accurate peak electron density (NmF2) values and to define accuracy in this project, with the understanding that the national model (SABIM) is currently the best model for the Grahamstown region. Analysis show that MIDAS produces accurate results during the winter season, which had the lowest root mean square (rms) error of 0.37×1011 [e/m3] and an approximately 86% chance of producing NmF2 closer to the actual NmF2 value than the national model SABIM. MIDAS was found to also produce accurate NmF2 values at 12h00 UT, where an approximately 88% chance of producing an accurate NmF2 value, which may deviate from the measured value by 0.72×1011 [e/m3], was determined. In conclusion, ionospheric tomographic inversion techniques show promise in the reconstruction of electron density profiles over South Africa, and are worth pursuing further in the future.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ionosphere, Remote sensing, South Africa, Upper atmosphere, Tomography, Global Positioning System
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Physics & Electronics
ID Code:2631
Deposited By: Mrs Carol Perold
Deposited On:17 Apr 2012 10:41
Last Modified:17 Apr 2012 10:41
0 full-text download(s) since 17 Apr 2012 10:41
0 full-text download(s) in the past 12 months
More statistics...

Repository Staff Only: item control page