Purification and characterization of fructosyltransferase for the synthesis of short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides and investigation into thier anti-carcinogenic properties

Nemukula, Aluwani (2008) Purification and characterization of fructosyltransferase for the synthesis of short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides and investigation into thier anti-carcinogenic properties. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

There is a growing attention in the synthesis of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) due to their excellent bio-functional and health-promoting properties. The current production processes are limited to chemical hydrolysis reactions of plant extracts, which are often associated with several drawbacks. In this study, fructosyltransferase (FTase) and polygalacturonase (PGase) activities, present in a commercial enzyme preparation (Pectinex® Ultra SP-L) sourced from Aspergillus aculeatus, have been separated and fully purified by anion-exchange and sizeexclusion chromatography. The FTase possesses fructosyl transfer activity for FOS synthesis and the PGase has pectin hydrolytic activity. Fructosyltransferase is a single-band protein with a molecular weight of 85 kDa, whereas PGase is a distinct protein of 40 kDa. The temperature and pH optima of FTase were 60 ºC and 6.0, with a half-life of 8 h; while that for PGase were 40 ºC and 6.0, respectively. FTase was slightly inhibited in the presence of Ni²⁺, Mg²⁺ and urea; but PGase was more susceptible to divalent ions such as Ca²⁺, Mg²⁺ and Mn²⁺. The kinetic parameters (Km and Vmax) of FTase for the hydrolysis of β-(2→1) linkages from sucrose were 752.3 mM and 120.5 μmol.min⁻¹.mL⁻¹, respectively; whereas the same parameters for pectin hydrolysis by PGase were 13.0 mg.mL⁻¹ and 263 μmol.min-1.mL⁻¹, respectively. The purified FTase was able to transfer fructosyl residues from sucrose, synthesizing the corresponding chains of FOS. PGase was relatively stable at 40 ºC (t½ > 3 h), depolymerizing the pectin backbone while releasing the inulins from within the chicory roots. Analysis of various mixtures of FOS by mass spectrometry, HPLC and ¹H-NMR was undertaken. Results indicated that MS with electrospray ionization and ¹H-NMR are capable of providing relative quantitative data of the FOS present in the mixtures. The pharmaceutical effects of various sc-FOS (0.5%, v/v) and SCFA (0.3%, v/v) on certain bacterial enzymes (β-glucuronidase, urease and β-glucosidase) associated with the formation of carcinogens were also studied. These enzyme activities were not directly influenced by the sc-FOS, but were found to be remarkably decreased by SCFA, pointing toward the prebiotic effect of FOS in intestinal microflora modulation.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Oligosaccharides, Polygalacturonase, Aspergillus, Fructose, Inulin, Cancer prevention, Cancer research, Carcinogens, High performance liquid chromatography
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD241 Organic chemistry > QD415 Biochemistry
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Biochemistry, Microbiology & Biotechnology
ID Code:2652
Deposited By: Ms Chantel Clack
Deposited On:19 Apr 2012 12:29
Last Modified:19 Apr 2012 12:29
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