An investigation into the effects of socio-economic and education factors on WAIS-III performance in a stratified South African sample

Kemp, Ryan (2001) An investigation into the effects of socio-economic and education factors on WAIS-III performance in a stratified South African sample. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

The present study examined the effects of socio-economic status, quality and level of education on performance on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale 3rd Edition r.:w AIS-III). The study was conducted within the context of the present Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) W AIS-III standardisation process, cross-cultural psychometric research and the notion of test-wiseness. A South African sample (N = 68) comprising African first language (n = 40) and English first language (n = 28) participants, stratified for age (19 - 30 years), gender and educational attainment (Matric and Graduate) were utilised. Effects due to quality of education were determined by dividing the African language participants into those with private/model C schooling (n = 20) and those with DET schooling (n = 20). Effects due to level of education were determined by dividing the entire sample into those with Matric level education (n = 34) and those with Graduate level education (n = 34). Detailed demographic and socio-economic information were recorded for all participants, who completed the entire American version of the W AIS-III. Results revealed a highly significant positive correlation between high socio-economic status and W AIS-III Full Scale IQ. In addition the respective impact of the relatively poor quality of education and lower level of educational attainment on W AIS-III performance was substantial. These results were discussed in terms of their implications for cross-cultural research, the HSRC standardisation of the W AIS-III and the practical use of the W AIS-III in neuropsychological assessment.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Socio-economic status, Effects, Quality, Level, Education, Performance, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, WAIS-III, Human Sciences Research Council, HSRC, Standardisation process, Cross-cultural, Psychometric research, Test-wiseness, African, Language, English, Participants, Gender, Private/model C, DET, Matric, Graduate, Demographic, Socio-economic, Schooling, Research
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Humanities > Psychology
Supervisors:Edwards, Ann
ID Code:3022
Deposited By: Philip Clarke
Deposited On:22 Jun 2012 07:04
Last Modified:22 Jun 2012 07:04
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