Radiocarbon dates and the Late Quaternary palaeogeography of the Province of the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Lewis, C.A. (2002) Radiocarbon dates and the Late Quaternary palaeogeography of the Province of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Quaternary International, 89 (1). pp. 59-69. ISSN 1040-6182

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1040-6182(01)00081-7

Abstract

A total of 193 dates are listed from the Eastern Cape. Middle Stone Age hunter-gatherers existed in the Drakensberg prior to the rigours of cold climatic conditions after ca. 22,000 BP. These uplands were reoccupied under more favourable climatic conditions after ca. 12,600 BP but were apparently abandoned between ca. 6000 BP and 3000 BP. Hunter-gatherer occupation throughout the Holocene is indicated at lower altitudes, with in-migration of pastoralists ca. 1800 BP in the Fish River area, and with Iron Age farmers entering coastal districts and adjacent river valleys from ca. 1400 BP. Sand dunes accumulated in the Holocene adjacent to the Indian Ocean. Flood plain development in the early Holocene was succeeded by incision of rivers in the later Holocene. Flood plain deposition began again in the Southern Drakensberg ca. 1000 BP. Palynological studies evidence marked climatic oscillations around the Late Glacial/Holocene boundary, with apparent stability at high altitude subsequent to 2700 BP.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:South Africa; Late Quaternary; Radiocarbon; Archaeology; Geomorphology; Palynology; Palaeogeography
Subjects:Y Unknown > Subjects to be assigned
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Geography
ID Code:307
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:29 Aug 2006
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:17
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