The spatial planning of racial residential segregation in King William's Town : 1826-1991

Zituta, Heyman Mandlakayise (1997) The spatial planning of racial residential segregation in King William's Town : 1826-1991. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

This study investigates the spatial planning of racial residential segregation in King William's Town, induding its fomler homeland township of Zwelitsha, from 1826 to 199 LThe first settlement in the 'white' King William's Town, Brownlee Mission Station, was established in 1826.The town of King \Villiam's Town was developed from this settlement. The racial laws which were: applied to segregate blacks nationally and locally came to an end in 1991. Primary sources of information were used to determine whether King William's Town was planned along racial lines and to determine thf major role players who formulated and implemented the policy. Key sources were archival material, newspapers, maps, interviews, Deeds Office files and the work of other scholars. The establishment of the tovm from its genesis as a mission station and a military base is traced and the effects of this legacy on racial separation is detailed" It was found that racial planning of residential areas in King William's Town had been practised in this small town for a long time (prior to the Group Areas Act). The implementation of this policy was marked by forced removal of blacks from areas which were regarded as being for whites. These predominently African concentrations on the east bank of the Buffalo River were relocated to the west bank which was regarded as a black area.Ai'1 anomalous incident was discovered in this study namely that these racial removals took place before the central state introduced national policy which compelled all local states to planc:.-tbeir residential areas along ethnic considerations.In parallel with the practice of segregation in King William's Town, the township of Zwelitsha was developed adjacent to the town by the government" As this thesis reveals, the development ofZwelitsha was intimately related to that of King William's Town. The major role players in planning residential areas on racial basis were identified as the municipal Council of King William's Town. They were involved in platming racially segregated areas before and after the Group Areas Act. They (the Council) succeded in closing all freehold locations in the town (1940) and forced the residents to become their ,tenants who rented dwellings in the west bank municipal location. There were attempts to incorporate this municipal location into the neighbouring homeland township of Zwelitsha. This move was eventually accomplished when all townships in the vicinity of'King William's Town were amalgamated to form King William's Town Transitional Local Council in terms of the Local Government Transition Act of 1994 (Government Gazette No. 15468 of 2nd February 1994)"

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Apartheid, South Africa, King William's Town, Town planning, Blacks
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Geography
ID Code:3141
Deposited By: Mrs Carol Perold
Deposited On:24 Jul 2012 12:26
Last Modified:24 Jul 2012 12:26
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