Fungal and substrate-associated factors affecting lignocellulolytic mushroom cultivation on wood sources available in South African

Da Serra, Maria Fatima (1997) Fungal and substrate-associated factors affecting lignocellulolytic mushroom cultivation on wood sources available in South African. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

[img] Text
DA SERRA-MSc-TR97-04.pdf

6Mb

Abstract

Vast- quantities of lignocellulosic materials, representing potential substrates for the cultivation of speciality mushrooms, are produced annually in South Africa. A number of these materials are derived as waste products of the timber and agricultural industries, e.g. Maranti (Shorea spp.) and Port Jackson Willow (Acacia longifolia) respectively. The screening of various wood-degrading fungi, which are cultivated worldwide for their production of speciality mushrooms, indicated that under the environmental conditions considered, certain species were adapted to cultivation on these lignocellulosic wastes (Pleurotus species) whereas others were not (Lentinus edodes and Flammulina velutipes). Furthermore, intra- and interspecies specific differences in the growth and production potential of the various lignocellulolytic fungi investigated on synthetic and natural medium were discovered. Biochemical and genetical investigations of these strains indicated differences between and within species which were often significant. Species varied qualitatively and quantitatively in the lignocellulolytic enzymes produced, which was loosely correlated with productivity on the different media investigated. Genetical studies, using RAPD fingerprinting, indicated that the Pleurotus genus is highly variable which supports the observed differences in growth, yield and enzymatic activity between different strains and species.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Lignocellulosic materials, Speciality mushrooms, Waste, Industry, Timber, Agriculture, Maranti, Shorea spp., Port Jackson Willow, Acacia longifolia, Fungi, Pleurotus species, Lentinus edodes, Flammulina velutipes, Growth potential, Production potential, Enzymatic activity
Subjects:S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Biochemistry, Microbiology & Biotechnology
Supervisors:Kirby, Ralph
ID Code:3348
Deposited By: Philip Clarke
Deposited On:07 Sep 2012 14:02
Last Modified:07 Sep 2012 14:02
0 full-text download(s) since 07 Sep 2012 14:02
0 full-text download(s) in the past 12 months
More statistics...

Repository Staff Only: item control page