Synthetic and mechanistic studies of heterocyclic systems

Deane, Philip O'Grady (1996) Synthetic and mechanistic studies of heterocyclic systems. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

A series of acrylate esters and selected analogues have been reacted with pyridine-2-,pyridine-3-, and pyridine-4-carboxaldehydes in the presence of diazabicyclo[2,2,2]octane (DARCO) to afford a range of Baylis-Hillman products. The pyridine-2-carboxaldehyde-derived products have been acetylated using acetic anhydride and the kinetics of the thermal cyclisation of the acetylated compounds to indolizines was investigated using proton NMR spectroscopy. The first-order kinetics of the cyclisation has been confirmed and the influence of substituents on the first-order rate constant, kₒbs has been examined. The kinetic data has been shown to be consistent with the previously proposed mechanism in which loss of the acetate group is ratedetermining. Each of the cyclisations was also monitored at three different temperatures permitting evaluation of the activation parameters. The Baylis-Hillman products and related acetylated derivatives were treated at room temperature with sodium methylthiolate; the hydroxy precursors were observed to undergo conjugate addition with a degree of diastereocontrol but the acetylated derivatives favoured an apparent SN¹ displacement of the acetate group.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acrylate esters, Selected analogues, Baylis-Hillman products, Acetic anhydride, Heterocyclic systems, Thermal cyclisation, Acetylated compounds, Indolizines, Pyridine-2-, Pyridine-3-, Pyridine-4-carboxaldehydes, Kinetic data, Acetylated derivatives
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Chemistry
Supervisors:Kaye, Perry
ID Code:3402
Deposited By: Philip Clarke
Deposited On:18 Sep 2012 14:02
Last Modified:18 Sep 2012 14:02
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