The effects of particle precipitation on the ionosphere in the South Atlantic Anomaly Region

Haggard, Raymond (1994) The effects of particle precipitation on the ionosphere in the South Atlantic Anomaly Region. PhD thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

The first ground based observations of aeronomic phenomena in the South Atlantic Anomaly Region are presented. These data show that enhancements in foF2 and foE can be directly attributed to precipitated electron energy fluxes in the Anomaly Region. The regular occurrence of particle induced sporadic-E ionization is also presented together with the first measurable 391.4 nm airglow radiation of about 16 R. The first comprehensive survey of energy fluxes carried by energetic particles using satellites is also presented for both daytime and nighttime as well as the seasonal fluctuations. We found that the nocturnally precipitated electron energy fluxes varied between 1 x 10⁻⁴ and 38 x 10⁻⁴ erg cm²s⁻¹, depending upon magnetic activity and season, whereas the daytime precipitated electron energy fluxes tended to vary between 1 x 10⁻³ and 8 x 10⁻³ erg cm⁻²s⁻¹, with a tendency to decrease during magnetically active periods. Electron density and temperature contours as well as NO⁺ and 0⁺ ions contours for nighttime are also presented. The main conclusion of the study is that precipitating electrons provide a significant and sometimes dominant source of ionization in the ionosphere over the South Atlantic Anomaly Region.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aeronomic phenomena, South Atlantic Anomaly Region, Electron energy, Fluxes, Sporadic-E ionization, Airglow, Radiation, Satellites, Daytime, Nighttime, Seasonal fluctuations, Magnetic activity, Temperature, Ionosphere
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Physics & Electronics
Supervisors:Gledhill, Jack and Poole, Allon
ID Code:3542
Deposited By: Philip Clarke
Deposited On:01 Oct 2012 11:57
Last Modified:01 Oct 2012 11:57
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