The South African lobby in America : the battle over sanctions

Harning, Jeannie (1994) The South African lobby in America : the battle over sanctions. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

The relationship between South Africa and the United States was, historically, quite mutually profitable. The South African government regarded the United States as an ally in the world and sought continued friendship with them. The United States was mildly critical of the South African system of apartheid, but they, however, viewed South Africa as an ally. During the 1980's the relationship between the two countries became strained as the anti-apartheid voices in the United States grew louder and louder. The movement sought to end the atrocities of apartheid and change American foreign policy toward South Africa. The strongest diplomatic means available to them was imposing economic sanctions on South Africa in an attempt to force political change in the country. The anti-apartheid movement lobbied extensively gaining support among the American pub1ic and eventually the U.S. Congress. The sanctions campaign culminated in the enactment of the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act (CAAA) of 1986. Prior to the enactment of the CAAA the South African government and its allies launched their own campaign in an attempt to combat the imposition of sanctions. Lobbying played a key role in the process for those on both sides of the issue. For the anti- apartheid movement, lobbying was effective on the American public and the U.S Congress. For the South African government lobbying was effective on the conservative right wing and President Reagan and his administration.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:South Africa, United States, Apartheid, Anti-apartheid, Foreign policy, Economic sanctions, Political change, U.S. Congress, Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act, CAAA, Conservative, President Reagan, Lobbying
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Humanities > Political Studies and International Studies
ID Code:3555
Deposited By: Philip Clarke
Deposited On:02 Oct 2012 12:02
Last Modified:02 Oct 2012 12:02
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