Does primary resource-based industrialisation offer an escape from underdevelopment?

Ali, Fatimah (2006) Does primary resource-based industrialisation offer an escape from underdevelopment? Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

It is commonly believed about sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) that the region has a comparative advantage in primary resources as reflected by its high share of primary exports to total exports. In acknowledging the region's comparative advantage, the study tries to put the determinants from the Wood and Mayer (1998, (999) (W-M) Heckscher-Ohlin based model in the context of two relatively diversified countries (South Africa and Mauritius) and two commodity-export-dependent countries of sub-Saharan Africa (Nigeria and Cǒ̌te d'Ivoire). The study finds that the skill and land resource measures used in the W -M (1998, 1999) thesis do not explain why Nigeria, having a similar level of skill per worker ratio to South Africa, has not diversified. Further, Mauritius having relatively the highest skill per land ratio specialises in low-skill textiles and clothing, while South Africa specialises in the more human capital-intensive "other manufactures" group. The other measure, a low land per worker ratio that explains Mauritius' relatively higher share of manufacturing exports, also fails to apply to Nigeria. The thesis thus concludes that the W-M land and skill measures could only be rough proxies in determining comparative advantage in manufacturing exports. However, employing the Dutch disease hypothesis recognises the potential of land abundance as a natural resource, namely minerals in South Africa, oil in Nigeria, and cocoa in Cǒ̌te d'Ivoire. The Dutch disease is a dynamic process of structural economic and political development that will permit an understanding of why natural resource abundant countries do not have a comparative advantage in manufacturing, at least in the short to medium term. The study therefore investigates commodity dependence and the Dutch disease effects to examine whether primary resource- based industrialisation offers an escape from underdevelopment. It establishes that South Africa, a mineral resource rich country, diversified based on a broad mineral-energy-complex (MEC) reinforcing the notion that land abundant countries will first invest in capital- intensive primary resource processing. However, the thesis concludes that in Nigeria and Cǒ̌te d'Ivoire where external shocks are more predominant probably because of single commodity export reliance, the manufacturing sector lags behind more due to resource and spending effects that a natural resource boom generates in these economies.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Primary resources, Sub-Saharan Africa, Exports, Wood and Mayer, South Africa, Mauritius, Nigeria, Cote d'Ivoire, Comparative advantage, Dutch disease hypothesis, Minerals, Oil, Cocoa, Manufacturing, Industrialisation, Underdevelopment, External shocks, Diversification, Exchange rate, Policy, Trade, Multilateral agreements, Bilateral agreements, Politics
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Commerce > Economics and Economic History
Supervisors:Cattaneo, Nicolette and Fryer, David
ID Code:3693
Deposited By: Philip Clarke
Deposited On:18 Oct 2012 11:59
Last Modified:18 Oct 2012 11:59
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