The influence of geological, genetic and economic factors on the ore reserve estimation of Kwaggashoek east iron ore deposit

Latorre-Muzzio, Gina (1993) The influence of geological, genetic and economic factors on the ore reserve estimation of Kwaggashoek east iron ore deposit. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

Tectonics plays an important role in the genesis and subsequent mlnlng development of the Kwaggashoek East ore body. Lithological key units control the effectiveness of the ore forming processes, affecting the in situ ore reserve, The Kwaggashoek East deposit is the product of primary and secondary processes. A genetic model focussed on the source, migration and deposition of iron suggests a possible original source of iron as the product of very dilute hydrothermal input into deep ocean waters, with subsequent migration through structural conduits. Supergene processes account for the upgrading of the ore and the phosphorus redistribution. A good correlation between samples in a preliminary geostatistical study reflects the effectiveness of this process in the high grade ore zone. A broad overview of the economic issues which affect the commercialization of iron, indicates a balanced supply-demand situation for the five next years. The reserve estimation procedure requires accurate scientific terminology and appropriate methodology. Documentation is essential and should be detailed enough to allow for future reassessment. The results of three estimation methods in Kwaggashoek East differ by less than 5%. The accuracy of the final results depends more on geological interpretation and assumptions than on the method applied. Although optimization of grade and tonnage in the Kwaggashoek East deposit seems to be met with the actual cut-off grade used in the Thabazimbi mine district, the grade-quality concept introduced in this thesis indicates a decrease in the estimated reserves for the deposit

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Iron ores, Geology, South Africa
Subjects:Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Geology
ID Code:3755
Deposited By: Mrs Carol Perold
Deposited On:23 Oct 2012 09:05
Last Modified:23 Oct 2012 09:05
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