Ultrastructural development in the corpus allatum of the adult worker honey bee

Lloyd, Gerry Trevor (1993) Ultrastructural development in the corpus allatum of the adult worker honey bee. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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Abstract

The ultrastructure of the corpus allatum of the Cape worker honey bee has been examined in a systematic way during the first thirty days of adult life. Corpus allatum size in the Cape worker honey bee shows the age-dependent increase typical of the European worker honey bee, and in the Cape worker bee, the duration of increase is protracted. Analysis of ultrastructural development provides three indicators of metabolic status: mean mitochondrial size, "light and dark" cells, and extracted vacuoles. Significant fluctuations in mean mitochondrial size indicate a cyclical nature of cellular activity. New thought on the nature of "light and dark" cells proves that "dark" cells are almost certainly active in the process of JH biosynthesis, whilst "light" cells are definitely not active in JH biosynthesis. Extracted vacuoles found in corpus allatum cells during this study are thought to be remnants of lipid vacuoles, and the build up in number of these vacuoles is regarded as an indicator of reduced biosynthetic activity. Since the two indicators of decreased JH production ("light" cells and extracted vacuoles) co-exist with smaller mean mitochondrial size, larger mean mitochondrial size is taken as indicating increased levels of JH biosynthesis. Hence, fluctuations in mean mitochondrial size suggest cycles in the levels of JH production in individual corpora allata of the adult worker honey bee.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Ultrastructure, Corpus allatum, Cape worker honey bee, Metabolic status, Mean mitochondrial size, Light cells, Dark cells, Extracted vacuoles
Subjects:Q Science > QL Zoology > Invertebrates > Insects
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Science > Zoology & Entomology
Supervisors:Hepburn, H.R.
ID Code:4033
Deposited By: Philip Clarke
Deposited On:15 Nov 2012 13:05
Last Modified:15 Nov 2012 13:05
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