Ideology, hegemony, and Xhosa witten poetry, 1948-1990

Mona, Godfrey Vulindlela (1994) Ideology, hegemony, and Xhosa witten poetry, 1948-1990. Masters thesis, Rhodes University.

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This interdisciplinary study locates Xhosa written poetry (1948-1990) within the framework of the socio-politico-economic scenario in South Africa. It sets out to examine the impact of the abovestated factors on literature, by supporting the hypothesis that Xhosa written poetry of the Apartheid epoch is a terrain of the struggle for hegemony between the dominant ideology and the alternative ideologies. Chapter One presents the problem, aims and objectives, methodology and scope, and Gramsci's theory of cultural construction which constitutes the conceptual framework on which the study is based. Chapter Two deals with literature of the first half of the first phase of the Apartheid epoch (1948-1955). It outlines the two contending Apartheid and Africanist ideologies, and then analyses and interprets selected texts of Xhosa written poetry. Chapter Three focuses on written poetry of the second half of the first phase (1956-1960) including the post Sharpeville period (1960-1963). This literature is viewed against the backdrop of three contending ideologies: The Apartheid ideology, Charterism (ANC) and Africanism (Pan Africanist Congress). Chapter Four examines literature of the second phase (1963-1973). It first discloses the consolidation of the apartheid ideology during this period, and secondly analyses and interprets selected texts of Xhosa written poetry. Chapter Five studies literature of the third phase of the Apartheid era (1973-1990). The three contending ideologies: Apartheid, Charterism and Black Consciousness are described. Thereafter selected texts of Xhosa written poetry are analysed and interpreted. Chapter Six is a general conclusion that highlights the findings of this study. It furthermore links up the basic theoretical formulations and the practice of this study, and delineates its relevance to the current historical conjuncture of cultural reconstruction.

Item Type:Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Written poetry, Xhosa, Political scenario, Social scenario, Economic conditions, South Africa, Apartheid, Ideology, Struggle, Hegemony, Sharpeville, Charterism, Africanism, African National Congress, ANC, Pan Africanist Congress, PAC, Reconstruction
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
P Language and Literature > PL Languages and literatures of Africa, Eastern Asia, Oceania > African languages and literature
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Humanities > School of Languages > African Languages
Supervisors:Mtuze, Peter Tshobiso
ID Code:4107
Deposited By: Philip Clarke
Deposited On:19 Nov 2012 12:38
Last Modified:19 Nov 2012 12:38
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