The use of actually in spoken Xhosa English: a corpus study

De Klerk, V.A. (2005) The use of actually in spoken Xhosa English: a corpus study. World Englishes, 24 (3). pp. 275-288. ISSN 0883-2919



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The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the semantic and syntactic characteristics of the discourse marker actually, and then to describe and explain how it is used by mothertongue (MT) Xhosa speakers who have learned English as an additional language. Such a description may provide a useful benchmark for comparison with MT norms. The source of data for the study is a corpus of approximately half a million words of transcribed spontaneous dialogue between Xhosa English speakers.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at
Uncontrolled Keywords:communication; English language; linguistics; dialogue; discourse markers; semantics; mother-tongue; MT; Xhosa English speakers; South Africa
Subjects:Y Unknown > Subjects to be assigned
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Humanities > English Language and Linguistics
ID Code:455
Deposited On:14 Nov 2006
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:18
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