Temporal scales of variation in settlement and recruitment of the mussel Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758)

Porri, F. and McQuaid, C.D. and Radloff, S.E. (2006) Temporal scales of variation in settlement and recruitment of the mussel Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 332 (2). pp. 178-187. ISSN 0022-0981

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2005.11.008

Abstract

Population dynamics of many intertidal organisms are strongly affected by the abundance and distribution of larvae arriving on the shore. In particular, not only absolute numbers of settlers but also the degree of synchronisation of settlement can have a strong influence on whether density-dependent or density-independent processes shape adult shape populations. Temporal variation in rates of settlement and recruitment of the mussel Perna perna on the south coast of South Africa was investigated using a nested spatial design at different temporal scales. Variability in settlement at spring tides was examined at two temporal scales: lunar (to investigate the effect of state of the moon on settlement) and tidal (to investigate the influence of state of the tide on mussel settlement). Recruitment over neap tides was examined at one temporal scale, fortnight (to investigate the effect of date on mussel recruitment). Strong temporal variation was evident for both settlement and recruitment, but not at all time scales. Distinct peaks of settler/recruit abundance were observed during the lunar and neap tide studies. Recruitment intensity differed over the course of the year, and pulsing of recruitment was generally synchronised among locations. However, the strength of pulsing differed dramatically among locations, giving a significant interaction between fortnight and location. The finest temporal scale, investigated in the tidal study, did not reveal a significant effect of the state of the tide on settlement. The state of the moon (new or full) was not significant as a main factor (p = 0.052), although generally more settlers arrived on the shore during new moon. Phase of the moon appeared to have an effect on settler abundances, but only when and where densities were high.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:mussels; Perna perna; recruitment; settlement; temporal variability; barnacle; Semibalanus-Balanoides; exposed rocky shore; spatial variation; secondary settlement; larval settlement; patterns; communities; variability; mortality; Megalopae; ecology; marine and freshwater biology
Subjects:Y Unknown > Subjects to be assigned
Divisions:Faculty > Faculty of Commerce > Statistics
Faculty > Faculty of Science > Statistics

Faculty > Faculty of Science > Zoology & Entomology
ID Code:839
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:06 Nov 2007
Last Modified:06 Jan 2012 16:19
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